The term CPR refer to Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, it is a technique designed to revive a person who has suffered a heart attack or near-drowning incident where their breathing or heart has stopped. CPR is a technique that is relatively easy to learn and is recommended by the American Heart Association to everyone from medical personnel to everyday people to immediately address someone whose heart has stopped or they have stopped breathing.
CPR is designed to keep the oxygenated blood flowing to the brain and the other vital organs of the body until the proper treatments can be used to restore the normal rhythm of the heart. When the heart stops beating, the brain can become damaged in just a few minutes and a person may die in less than 10 minutes unless the heart starts beating and the blood starts flowing again.
CPR is a treatment divided into two sections, applying roughly 100 chest compressions with the hands every minute until paramedics or medical help arrives and checking the airways and performing rescue breaths between every 30 compressions. CPR, however, is a technique that is designed to keep someone alive until help arrives, so it is vital that it be applied as quickly as possible as soon as it is determined that the heart stops beating.
The CPR technique can be used even by those who have no formal training as long as it is limited to simply trying to restart the heart. Only those who have undergone official CPR training are recommended to try rescue breaths which consist of breathing into the mouth and into the lungs.
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