DNA stands for Deoxyribonucleic acid, it is a molecule, a nucleic acid that exists in all living creatures. It is generally known as “the building blocks of existence” which stores biological information. This biological information is very useful in determining the growth of organisms. Basically, this biological information is not more the genetic blueprints which are obtained from its parent organism; that is why we consider it as the genetic material. Apart from determining the growth of an organism, DNA also performs various different functions which are crucial to life.
Functions of DNA
DNA is able to self-replicate, and likewise incorporates the code fundamental for synthesizing RNA (Ribonucleic acid), another crucial nucleic acid. It consists of many base pairs that combine to develop the genetic code; identifying things like body structure and eye color. The most amazing fact is that each cell in the living body features DNA that is more or less similar, with more being created continuously as cells replicate independently. A large proportion of DNA in most creatures is non-coding, implying that it doesn’t seem to have any known function.
Surprising Fact of DNA
Most of the people know that the shape of DNA is discovered by Franklin Crick and James Watson; however, only a few people know that its structure is discovered by Rosalind Franklin who identified that the DNA is composed of two strands.
Terms related to DNA
- What are DNA and RNA?
- What is Human DNA?