The acronym FDA stands for “Food and Drug Administration” it is a very important government organization in the United States. It was formed in 1906 with the purpose of overseeing the regulation of a wide variety of products sold in the United States. Today, the agency employs more than 14,800 people, and it’s headquartered in Silver Spring, Maryland.
Charged with enforcing the policies established by the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the Food and Drug Administration regulates food additives, bottled water, dietary supplements and infant formulas as well as prescription and nonprescription drugs. In addition, the FDA is responsible for enforcing regulations on vaccines and other medical biologic preparations, medical devices like surgical implants and even bedpans and all products that emit radiation like microwaves, x-ray equipment, and sunlamps. The FDA enforces standards for the manufacturing and sale of cosmetics, tobacco products, pet foods and veterinary medicines. Products that are regulated by the FDA are subject to review and must be approved before release to the market.
In order to be as efficient as possible, the Food and Drug Administration is divided into a number of agencies, including the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, the Center for Devices and Radiological Health, the Center for Tobacco Products, the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research and the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. The FDA is a part of the Department of Health and Human Services and is led by the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, a position which is appointed by the President of the United States.
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