The acronym TNT stand for Trinitrotoluene, it is a chemical compound which creates an explosive material used mostly in bombs and other types of explosives. The yield of the explosion from TNT is considered a standard unit of measurement of explosives and when used in chemistry generates charge transfer salts. Plus, the terms “TNT” itself has become synonymous with explosive materials, although it is not dynamite which uses nitroglycerin in its mixture.
First created in 1863, it was originally used as a yellow dye. It was not until the turn of the 20th century was TNT appreciated for its explosive capabilities. This is because TNT was much harder to detonate than other types of explosives and did not have the same power. However, it was discovered that its delayed explosive capability was very valuable when used in armor-piercing shells and was quickly adopted by most nations.
TNT is created in a three-step process that starts with the nitration of toluene when it is mixed with nitric and sulfuric acid. The result is mononitrotoluene (MNT) which is then separated and then infused into dinitrotoluence (DNT). Finally, the DNT is nitrated to TNT using nitric acid and oleum which results in the explosive being created.
Today, you’ll find TNT used for a wide variety of military purposes as well as being used by construction companies to remove old buildings or clear out large spaces and mining companies to gain access to valuable minerals. TNT is still at the forefront in terms of its use and due to its unique properties will continue to be used for the foreseeable future.
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